Small Wars Journal


Irregular Warfare Podcast: From SAR to GFA: The ABCs of Conflict Prevention and Stabilization

Mon, 04/26/2021 - 10:18pm

An interview with Dr. Frances Brown, currently with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and Pat Antonietti, the director for stabilization and peacekeeping operations policy in the Office of the Secretary Defense-Policy.

This episode examines how the SAR and the GFA have fundamentally reshaped the way the US government conceives and responds to conflict around the world based on lessons learned from places like Afghanistan and Iraq. One of the SAR’s most important contributions when it was released in 2018 was the establishment of a common interagency-wide definition of stabilization. To wit, “a political endeavor to create the conditions where locally legitimate authorities and systems can peaceably manage conflict.” Meanwhile the GFA codified many of the principles articulated in the SAR into law and appropriated specific money to pilot evidence-based approaches to conflict prevention and stabilization. But as our guests argue, the impact of these initiatives is not only felt in terms of how we approach conflict, but also supports other policy priorities like great power competition with China.

Dr. Frances Brown is a senior fellow and codirector of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program. She previously served as director for democracy and fragile states on the White House National Security Council staff and managed stabilization and political transition programs in Afghanistan, the Middle East, and Africa for the US Agency for International Development’s Office of Transition Initiatives.

Pat Antonietti is the director for stabilization and peacekeeping operations policy in the Office of the Secretary Defense-Policy. Previously in OSD-Policy, Antonietti served as director for domestic counterterrorism, director for Middle East policy, and country director for Iraq. He is a retired Army officer, having served in multiple field artillery units in Germany, Kosovo, and Iraq, as well as serving as one of the first political-military planners for Afghanistan on the Joint Chiefs of Staff J5 after 9/11.

Assessment of U.S. Strategic Goals Through Peacekeeping Operations in the 1982 Lebanon Intervention

Fri, 08/09/2019 - 11:51am
The United States’ intervention in the Lebanese Civil War was a peacekeeping operation defined by long term strategic goals centered around increasing American hegemony in the region. The United States sought to leverage its position as a peacekeeper against Israeli and Syrian advances. However, significant overreach and unplanned events would play a substantial role in limiting the extent of American success in Lebanon.

About the Author(s)

On the Recommendation to Shut Down the Army's Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute

Mon, 01/07/2019 - 10:12am
November 29, 2018 letter from Howard R. Lind, President and Executive Director, International Stability Operations Association, to Secretary of the Army Mark Esper concerning the recent recommendation to shut down the Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute. Continue on for the letter.

About the Author(s)

In Case of Emergency - Don’t Panic, Plan

Fri, 11/16/2018 - 6:18am
If we want to increase the chances of our missions succeeding, we must first understand the complexity of what we are dealing with and plan accordingly. Moreover, we need to treat planning not as a one-time activity but as an ongoing, iterative affair that is responsive to the continual and multifaceted changes characteristic of complex crises.

About the Author(s)

The Danger of Not Supplementing Aid to Africa with Arms: The Case of the Central African Republic SWJED Tue, 08/22/2017 - 2:27pm

As long as states like the Central African Republic are unable to protect their citizens and development workers, the situation will not improve.