Dr. Max G. Manwaring is a retired Professor of Military Strategy at the Strategic Studies Institute of the US Army War College, and is a retired US Army colonel. He has has held the General Douglas MacArthur Chair of Research at the USAWC, and over the past 40+ years, hehas served in various military and civilian positions. They include the US Southern Command, the Defense Intelligence Agency, Dickinson College, and Memphis University. Manwaring is the author and co-author of several articles, chapters, and books dealing with international security affairs, political-military affairs, insurgency, counter-insurgency, and gangs. His most recent book, Confronting the Evolving Global Security Landscape, Lessons from the Past and Present, was published by Praeger Security International, 2019. His most recent chapter is entitled “Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC): A Transnational Criminal-Insurgent-Terror Phenomenon.” It may be found in Kimberly L. Thachuk and Rollie Lal, Eds., Terrorist Criminal Enterprises: Financing Terrorism through Organized Crime, Praeger, 2018. Dr. Manwaring is a graduate of the US Army War College and holds an M.A. and PhD in Political Science from the University of Illinois. He is also a Small Wars Journal-El Centro Fellow. He remains semi-active in the national security community, and may be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.