Timothy Clark is a member of the faculty in the University of North Alabama’s Department of Politics, Justice, and Law, and an adjunct professor with the University of Texas at El Paso’s Intelligence and National Security Program and Department of Criminal Justice. He completed his PhD in Sociology at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities in 2006 and his works focused on understanding and combating violence and violent groups. He has published several articles and book chapters on transnational crime and criminal groups. Dr. Clark has served between 2006 and 2016 with the US Department of Defense conducting planning and operations to counter transnational organized criminal groups. Prior to his federal service he was faculty at the University of Florida’s Center for Latin American Studies and the Department of Crime, Law, and Society. He has also served on faculty at Southern Illinois University Carbondale and Valparaiso University.